Scientific Name: (Chionanthus virginica, Olive Family)
Common Name: Fringe Tree, Poison Ash
Medicinal Part: Bark of the Root
Description: This is a shrub or small tree, growing from 8 to 25 feet high. The leaves are opposite, oval, oblong, veiny and smooth; flowers are in dense panicles; calyx very small; corolla snow-white, consisting of four petals and fruit a fleshy, oval, purple drupe.
The plant is very ornamental and is much cultivated in gardens from Pennsylvania to Tennessee. It grows on river banks and on elevated places, presenting clusters of snow-white flowers in May and June. The bark of the root which imparts its properties in water or alcohol is the part used.
Properties and Uses: The bark is aperient (relieves constipation) and diuretic. By some it is regarded as a tonic with much virtue. It can be used to advantage as a poultice for wounds and external irritations.
Dose and Preparation: A teaspoonful of the bark of the root cut small or granulated to a cup of boiling water. Drink cold, one cupful during the day, a large mouthful at a time; of the tincture, 5 to 20 min.